Abstract. Despite the widespread use of highly accurate digital maps on desktop and mobile computers, cartography has over-emphasized the needs of land use and car navigation. Previous work has considered data analysis and path finding techniques, but there has been limited consideration of the subjective perceptions in pedestrian mapmaking. Besides the immediate benefit to pedestrians, a pragmatic understanding of walking paths might facilitate urban planning and design, which is usually based on cartography. Finally, we demonstrate how the tools and techniques of cartography have influenced the image of the city with references to past and ongoing efforts.